Why Should You Buy the Safe Air Machine (SAM)™?
The Safe Air Machine (SAM)™ is to your air what “Bottled” was to your water and “Whole” was to your foods. You now have the option to protect yourself from air pollution while you drive or in your home.
- If you suffer from allergies, asthma or other health-related issues, SAM™ can provide you with clean filtered air in your car or a room.
- If you are trying to prevent suffering from the health effects and diseases associated with breathing air pollution, SAM™ can provide you with clean filtered air in your car or a room.
- If you are trying to protect yourself from the potential health effects of a terror attack, industrial accident, or natural disaster, SAM™ can capture all types of lethal biological, radiological, and chemical air contaminants in your car or a safe room.
What makes us different?
We did not design SAM™ just to sell – we designed SAM™ to capture the most harmful air pollutants and it does! Other air purifiers do not show measurements of concentration level reductions, proving effectiveness in real-world conditions, enough to meet any EPA health and safety air quality standards – because they don’t have to. We have done the scientific measuring of SAM’s™ effectiveness so we know it works!
Our mission is to simply support people who want to protect themselves and their families. We are not in the fight to assign blame for air pollution or clean it up – but we will use a portion of our proceeds to help those who do (e.g., Clean Fuels Foundation).
The Health Effects of Air Pollution Are Proven –
Beyond a Reasonable Doubt
Review the following studies and videos and learn more about the Health Effects of Air Pollution on you and your family:
- Impact on Life Expectancy
- Pregnant Women, the Unborn, Children and Elderly
- Heart Disease
- Lung Disease: Cancer/Asthma/COPD
- Other Cancers
A World Perspective
Air pollution has become the world’s single biggest environmental health risk, linked to around 7 million – or nearly one in eight deaths in 2012 – according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
These new figures are more than double previous estimates and suggest that outdoor pollution from traffic fumes and coal-burning, and indoor pollution from wood and coal stoves, kill more people than smoking, road deaths and diabetes combined.
Around 80% of the 3.7 million deaths from outdoor pollution came as a result of stroke and heart disease, 11% from lung diseases and 6% from cancers. The vast majority were in Asia, with 180,000 in the Americas and Europe combined, said the WHO.
Where is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on this issue? Over cautiously trying to catch up or cover up in order to avoid a class action lawsuit.
Your Why: What’s In It For You?
The Short Story: The highest exposure to pollution you are likely to have is in your car, unless you live within a mile of a major roadway. You are exposed to 1.5 to 10 times higher pollution levels in your car when compared to nearby monitoring stations that capture data for the U.S. EPA’s air monitoring system. This higher level of exposure is based on concentration levels measured inside passenger cabins of cars in very heavy traffic in various parts of the US and Europe.
Your Health: Respiratory disease, cancer, and cardiovascular disease are caused by air pollution. There is a worsening public health threat from human exposure to particulate matter, especially Particulate Matter measuring 2.5 micro-meters and smaller in diameter. These tiny particles go through the lungs and into the bloodstream of humans and the fetus of pregnant women.
Your Safety: There is little protection for 1stresponders, the military, and consumers from the personal harm that can be caused by lethal chemical, biological, and/or nuclear accidents or terrorist attacks.
- You breathe about 1,000 times per hour and over 8 million times each year.
- Each day the average person consumes 1 kilogram of water, 2 kilograms of food and 20 kilograms of air.
A new World Health Organization report links air pollution to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, stroke, lung disease, and cancers. “These are among the top five causes of death today, and one-quarter to one-third of deaths from these diseases are due to air pollution.” — World Health Organization, September 12, 2017
Air pollution is the cause of 1 in 8 deaths worldwide. The World Health Organization estimates 3 million people die each year due to air pollution and that number is expected to double in 25 years.
In the U.S. air pollution was linked to 200,000 premature deaths and a 3% increase in overall deaths, plus an estimated 10% increase in the risk of death due to heart disease. Any loss of life is tragic. When compared to that to deaths from terrorism or mass shootings – citizens should have the right to defend themselves against air pollution.
What is the Air Quality Index? The AQI is an index for reporting daily air quality. EPA calculates the AQI for five major air pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act: ground-level ozone, particle pollution (also known as particulate matter), carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide. These are called “criteria” pollutants, and our SAMs target all of them.
The American Lung Association’s Annual “State of the Air” Report, 2017, Summary: The report found that 125 million Americans (1 in 4) live in counties with unhealthful levels of either ozone or particle pollution.
EPA Ambient Air Quality Standards: The US National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS, pronounced \’naks\) are standards established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the authority of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.) that apply to outdoor air throughout the country. These health and safety standards are concentration levels above which there is risk to human health. They usually are given in parts per million, parts per billion, or micrograms per cubic meter. They are based on scientific studies funded by EPA totaling hundreds of millions of dollars since 1970. Our SAMs target all of them and we have field test results showing the concentration level reductions were sufficient to meet all the NAAQS in cars driving in highly polluted areas, such as Los Angeles and Bangkok!!
In addition to targeting all the NAAQS (called criteria air pollutants), SAMs also target Benzene, using a health and safety standard in Europe of 3 parts per billion. Benzene is a proven human carcinogen. Because our SAMs use the filter media which is effective for Benzene adsorption, they also capture many other hydrocarbons and toxic volatile organic compounds. Our test results from Los Angeles prove that effectiveness.
All of the following evidence proves – beyond a reasonable doubt – that Particulate Matter (PM 2.5) is very bad for human health in many ways. New research shows that the ultrafine particles, air toxics and secondary precursors to ozone such as SOA and PAH are even worse for your health and have an even more dramatic health consequences when compared to “air pollution” which historically has been focused on diesel fuel and stationary sources (e.g., electricity generation and manufacturing) and NOT gasoline.
Emissions specifically from burning gasoline, and specifically the carcinogenic aromatic octane enhancers’ portion (benzene, toluene, and xylene) are toxic and are in high concentration at low nose-level. This puts you at risk in your car or walking/exercising/living in high-traffic highly-congested areas. Reference: The Environmental and Energy Study Institute formal comments to EPA on the proposed updates to the air quality standards for ground-level ozone, Summary: According to EPA, In the United States alone, there are 45 million people living, working or attending school within 300 feet of a major road, airport, or railroad.
You and the Air Pollution in Your Car
The emissions from gasoline and diesel fumes are small, toxic and are not blocked by your car’s cabin air filter. Using a sports analogy, your car’s air filter is trying to stop a speeding BB with a tennis racket. Your filter may help stop basketballs, softballs and baseball-sized particles (i.e., dust, pollen, and some large allergens) but it does nothing to stop microscopic smaller sized particles from air pollution. The problem with microscopic particles (particulate matter and air toxics) is that they can get into your bloodstream via your lungs.
Background on Air Pollution
Video – Global Pandemic – Air Pollution | Romain Lacombe | TEDxAthens, Romain Lacombe, former head of Innovation and Development of Etalab (data.gouv.fr), the French Prime Minister’s task force for Open Government Data, April 30, 2015. Summary: More people die from just breathing air than from smoking cigarettes. Each day we eat 1kg of food, drink 2kg of water and breathe 20 kg of air. Environmental inequality and air pollution is a global pandemic that’s underway. It’s a major health challenge yet nobody talks about it. It affects everyone but we usually ignore it because we can’t actually “see” it.
Long-term exposure to ozone has been shown to increase risk of death from respiratory illness. A study of 450,000 people living in United States cities saw a significant correlation between ozone levels and respiratory illness over the 18-year follow-up period. The study revealed that people living in cities with high ozone levels, such as Houston or Los Angeles, had an over 30% increased risk of dying from lung disease. Sources: Jerrett, Michael; Burnett, Richard T.; Pope, C. Arden, III; Ito, Kazuhiko; Thurston, George; Krewski, Daniel; Shi, Yuanli; Calle, Eugenia; Thun, Michael (March 12, 2009). “Long-Term Ozone Exposure and Mortality”. N. Engl. J. Med. 360 (11): 1085–1095. PMC 4105969 PMID 19279340. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0803894. Jump up^ Wilson, Elizabeth K. (March 16, 2009). “Ozone’s Health Impact”. Chemical & Engineering News. 87 (11): 9. doi:10.1021/cen-v087n011.p009a.
Scientific Research Summaries
Before moving into “Health Effects,” which would cover sickness and disease, we must first establish the right context and perspective of the importance of this issue by considering the number of deaths attributed to air pollution. Study – World Health Organization: “Air Pollution is the Single Biggest Environmental Health Risk”, March 25, 2014. Summary: Air pollution has become the world’s single biggest environmental health risk, linked to around 7 million – or nearly one in eight deaths in 2012 – according to the World Health Organization (WHO). The new figures are more than double previous estimates and suggest that outdoor pollution from traffic fumes and coal-burning, and indoor pollution from wood and coal stoves, kills more people than smoking, road deaths and diabetes combined.
Data contained within this graphic was compiled from the report ‘Every breath we take: the lifelong impact of air pollution’ by the Royal College of Physicians
Why Now? The science connecting the health effects of air pollution overall and specifically transportation-related/ground level particulate matter (PM), ultrafine PM, and air toxic pollution — is undeniable and concerning. From fetus to cradle to grave humans are exposed to air pollution.
Health Effects of Air Pollution on
Pregnant Woman, their Unborn, Children and Elderly
Video – How air pollution impacts the unborn and children’s health, Professor Anthony Hedley, University of Hong Kong, July 13, 2010. Summary: Professor Anthony Hedley has served for more than 22 years as Chair Professor of Community Medicine in HKU and honorary consultant to the Department of Health and Hospital Authority. In the interview, he talked about the impact of air pollution on children health, the vulnerability of kids and gave valuable suggestions to parents who concern the issue.
Study: Association between ambient fine particulate matter and preterm birth or term low birth weight: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis – March 2017. – Summary: This meta-analysis reveals a clear association between PM2.5 exposure throughout pregnancy and risks of preterm birth and term low birth weight, further supporting the hypothesis that PM2.5 exposure increases the risk of adverse birth outcomes. Authors:
- Xiangyu Li, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Health Science, Wuhan University, 115# Donghu Road, Wuhan, 430071, China
- Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Wuhan, 430079, Hubei Province, China
- Environmental Health Laboratory, Department of Public Health Sciences, the University of Hawaii at Manoa, 1960 East-West Rd, Biomed Bldg, D105, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA
- State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan, 430079, China
Video – Mom’s & Doctors Discuss Air Pollution Impacts on Children, Andrea Hricko, Southern California Environmental Health Center, December 2007. Summary: Mothers discuss the health impacts of air pollution on their children. Doctors discuss the Tech School of Medicine Study at the University of Southern California.
Study – Study of US seniors strengthens link between air pollution and premature death, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, June 28, 2017. Summary: A new study of 60 million Americans — about 97 percent of people age 65 and older in the United States — shows that long-term exposure to airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone increases the risk of premature death, even when that exposure is at levels below the National Ambient Air Quality Standards.
Study: Mini-Symposium: Maternal Diseases affecting the newborn – Air pollution during pregnancy and lung development in the child – August 2016. Summary:
- Air pollution in pregnancy leads to adverse birth effects.
- Air pollution in pregnancy influences postnatal lung development and respiratory health.
- There is an interplay of the direct and indirect impacts of prenatal air pollution on lung health.
- Environmental and epigenetic factors and individual exposure may contribute to the heterogeneous effects in different subjects
- Insa Korten, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Inselspital, University of Bern, Switzerland
- Kathryn Ramsey, University Children’s Hospital (UKBB), Basel and Cystic Fibrosis Research and Treatment Center
- Philipp Latzin, Cystic Fibrosis Research and Treatment Center, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA 4 Telethon Kids Institute, University of Western Australia, Australia
Study: Exposure to traffic-related air pollution and risk of development of childhood asthma: A systematic review and meta-analysis – November 2016. – Summary: The overall risk estimates from the meta-analyses showed statistically significant associations for BC, NO2, PM2.5, PM10 exposures and risk of asthma development. Our findings support the hypothesis that childhood exposure to TRAP contributes to their development of asthma.
- Haneen Khreis, Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
- Leeds Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
- Leeds Institute of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom
- ISGlobal CREAL, C/Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
- Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), C/Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003, Barcelona, Spain
- CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), C/Monforte de Lemos 3-5, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Study: A review of epidemiological studies on neuropsychological effects of air pollution – January 2012. – Summary: Overall, either deposition of UFP containing metals in olfactory bulb or frontal cortical and subcortical areas, or alternatively the neuro inflammation following the inflammatory systemic responses secondary to oxidative stress triggered by air pollution, could result in white matter lesions and vascular pathology in these areas that could be the basis for the cognitive deficits and behavioral impairment observed in children and elderly.
Authors: Mònica Guxensa and Jordi Sunyer, Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Barcelona, Spain – Hospital del Mar Research Institute (IMIM), Barcelona, Spain – CIBER Epidemiologia y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Barcelona, Spain – Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain
Study: Ambient air pollution, birth weight, and preterm birth: A systematic review and meta-analysis – June 2012. – Summary: Sixty-two studies met the inclusion criteria. The majority of studies reported reduced birth weight and increased odds of low birth weight in relation to exposure to carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter less than 10 and 2.5 microns (PM10 and PM2.5).
- David M. Stieb, Environmental Health Science and Research Bureau, Health Canada, 3rd floor, 269 Laurier Ave. W., Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0K9 and Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Room 3105, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H 8M5
- Li Chen, Environmental Health Science and Research Bureau, Health Canada, 3rd floor, 269 Laurier Ave. W., Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0K9
- Maysoon Eshoul, Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Room 3105, 451 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H 8M5
- Stan Judek, Environmental Health Science and Research Bureau, Health Canada, 3rd floor, 269 Laurier Ave. W., Ottawa, ON, Canada K1A 0K9
Study: A Summary of Recent Findings on Birth Outcomes and Developmental Effects of Prenatal ETS, PAH, and Pesticide Exposures – September 2004. – Summary: These three analyses provide new molecular epidemiologic evidence that exposure to common environ-mental pollutants (PAH and ETS, ETS, and material hardship, and household insecticides) at levels currently encountered in New York City can act in combination to adversely affect fetal development and/or child cognitive development.
- P. Perera, Columbia Center for Children’s Environmental Health, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Environmental Health, Division of Laboratory Sciences, Atlanta, GA, USA
- Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX, USA
Study: Study of US seniors strengthens link between air pollution and premature death, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, June 28, 2017. Summary: A new study of 60 million Americans — about 97 percent of people age 65 and older in the United States — shows that long-term exposure to airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone increases the risk of premature death, even when that exposure is at levels below the National Ambient Air Quality Standards.
Videos on the Health Effects of Air Pollution
Video: ABCs of Pollution and Your Control, by David Klanecky, TEDxLSU, May 19, 2016 – Summary: We talk about clean energy and debate the definitive impact humanity has on our environment, but the numbers are often too abstract for us to internalize. In this talk, chemical engineer David Klanecky lays out straightforward analogies to help us understand our individual impact on the planet’s future and hints at what we, as consumers, can do to make easy and effective changes for the better.
Video: Air Pollution Causes More than 6 Million Deaths Worldwide, Sam Newser, Published on Feb 7, 2013 – Summary: For the last three weeks, residents of Beijing have been breathing thick, soupy air so choked with pollutants that it has registered far off the scale of acceptable levels.
Video: Fine particulates – an invisible hazard, Tomorrow Today, January 13, 2017. – Summary: Fine particulate matter is so tiny that it’s invisible to the naked eye. And it’s everywhere – including in every breath we take. That’s just one reason scientists are taking a closer look.
Video: What is Hazardous Air Quality: Check Your Air Quality Index? – Summary: More than 90% of the world’s population breathes in air that violates air quality guidelines set by the World Health Organization, increasing their risk of lung cancer and respiratory infections, but also conditions including stroke, cardiovascular disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The situation has reached a tipping point, despite efforts to curb the issue. “People have tried,” said Sumita Khatri, co-director of the Asthma Center at the Cleveland Clinic. “But it is continuing to be an ongoing problem.”
Video: University of Utah Honors Praxis Lab on Air Quality, Health, and Society, July 6, 2015 – Summary: Health Effects of Airborne Particulate Matter.
Video: Particulate Matter: Washoe County Health District: Air Quality Management Division, November 20, 2014 – Summary: An Educational video about particulate matter, the Reno/Sparks wintertime air pollutant of concern.
Video: Silent, but Deadly: Toxicity of Lead – National Institute of Health, U.S. National Library of Medicine, February 11, 2015. Background: Lead was once used as an additive to increase the octane of gasoline and improve the performance of low technology engines. Lead was replaced with proven carcinogenic “e.g., Aromatic Octane Enhancers” like Benzene. Benzene and other air toxics from gasoline emissions are replacing the lead that was once in our bloodstream. Summary: When lead was taken out of gasoline the lead level in blood went down 78%. An animation about lead, its uses and the impact on human health. This informal, easy-to-follow animation from the National Library of Medicine introduces middle school students to lead, as they view interactions of intergalactic superhero Leadman.
Video: Particulate Matter Presentation – Particle Size Removal by Filtration, Kansas State University, May 3, 2012. – Summary: Particulate Matter: Causes, Sources, Health Effects, Regulations, and Control.
Health Effects of Air Pollution on Hearts and Heart Attacks
Video: Air Pollution and Heart Attacks, Prof. David Newby, The University of Edinburgh, October 3, 2014 – Summary: Professor David Newby, Director of the Edinburgh Clinical Research Facility, presents the second lecture in the 2014 Our Changing World series, entitled “Air Pollution and Heart Attacks”. Air pollution is one of the leading causes of heart attacks and death worldwide. This is principally caused by nanoparticles generated by the combustion of fossil fuels and vehicle engine emissions. Although the highest levels of air pollution are seen in developing countries, even modest levels of air pollution in Europe and North America can cause substantial adverse health effects. The lecture will cover the size of the problem, explore the scientific evidence and highlight ways to reduce the risk.
Video: Inhaling a heart attack: How air pollution can cause heart disease, Michigan Medicine, September 4, 2009. – Summary: Human study of real world near-road way emissions. Don’t exercise during rush hour. One in three Americans suffer from hypertension, a significant health problem that can lead to cardiovascular disease, heart failure, stroke, diabetes and other life-threatening problems. Researchers at the University of Michigan Health System have determined that the very air we breathe can be an invisible catalyst to cardiovascular disease. What to do to prevent exposure.
Video: Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Health, Dr. Jeremy Langrish, Clinical Lecturer, Cardiology, University of Edinburgh, GlobalHealthAcademy, August 20, 2014. – Summary: Exposure to particulate matter triggers heart attacks. Research regarding death and air pollution goes back to the 1600’s. Led to the Clean Air Act in London in 1952 almost 20 years before the United States. The impact of fine particulate matter. Famous 1993 “six city study” in the United States showed that risk of dying from cardio-repertory disease increased by 37% in the most polluted compared to the least polluted city. Check out the list on minute 19:19.
Video: Air pollution is a lung AND heart problem, Dr. Brent Muhlestein, Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute, February 11, 2016. – Summary: After 24 years of practice Dr. Muhlestein believes air pollution is directly connected to heart attacks. Research shows that those with an underlying risk of heart disease are at twice the risk for experiencing a heart attack during bad air days. Utah is known for the dreaded winter inversions. Fox 13 reports on the poor air quality currently plaguing Utah skies.
Health Effects of Air Pollution on the Lungs (Asthma, COPD and Cancer)
Video: The Effects of Fine Particulate Matter on Lungs – Summary: Fine particulate matter is so tiny it gets into your bloodstream.
Video: Air Pollution Triggers Asthma Attacks, Dr. Randy Martin, Nov 16, 2014. Dr. Martin talks to emergency room doctors about the impact of ozone, particulate matter air pollution and its ability to trigger asthma attacks. Follow your air quality index, don’t go outdoors and don’t exercise.
Video: Effects of Air Pollution on Immune Function and Asthma, Dr. John Balmes of the Berkeley/Stanford Center for Children’s Environmental Health in cooperation with Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment of Cal/EPA, the Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit at UCSF, The Center for Integrative Research on Childhood Leukemia, the Environment at the University of California Berkeley, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences and the US EPA. June 7, 2012. – Summary: The study shows that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in air contribute to allergy and asthma in children. PAHs reduce the production of proteins that are important to regulating the immune response. PAHs set markers through epigenetic methylation that reduce the expression of a gene known as Foxp3. This leads to more asthma, reduced lung function, and greater wheezing.
Video: Air Pollution: A Medical Perspective, Clean Air Board, Dr. Philip D. Carey, MD (Internal Medicine, Pulmonary), November 14, 2008. – Summary: Particulate matter in air pollution is the same particle size as designed by doctors to get the medicine in inhalers and nebulizers into the bloodstream through the lungs. This means, roughly, about one-thirtieth the size of a human hair. The reason that PM 2.5 is dangerous is that the particles are small enough to penetrate into the deepest part of the lungs. This, in turn, means that they are directly linked to asthma, bronchitis, and chronic respiratory illness. Scientists have also linked PM 2.5 to low birth weight babies, heart disease, some cancers, and premature deaths in elderly people. Dr. Carey gives particular focus to the residents of Cumberland County, Pennsylvania. Cumberland County has been ranked the 24th most polluted county in the United States based on the level of PM2.5.
Video: Air Pollution and Lung Cancer (also story on lead research), George D. Thurston, ScD Professor, Department of Environmental Medicine, NYU Langone’s Perlmutter Cancer Center Nov 18, 2013. Summary: In addition to exposure to toxic compounds in the environment, we’re often unknowingly exposed to toxics that we consume. This program will explore exposure to toxics, how they impact our risk of cancer and the research that our Institute has underway to address them.
Video: Air Pollution a Major Cause?, Jason Bellini, Wall Street Journal, October 17, 2013. – Summary: More people die from lung cancer than any other type of cancer. In 2010 233,000 deaths or about 16%, were attributed to air pollution. A new study by the World Health Organization offers stunning statistics that health authorities globally will have to consider. “We consider air pollution to be the most important environmental carcinogen, more so than passive smoking.”
Video: A Breath of Air: What Pollution Does to Our Children, California Air Resources Board and University of Southern study, Karen Markuze, Andrea Hricko, Joe Saltzman, November 23, 2008. Summary: An Extensive study on 5,500 children living in the Los Angeles area. “In healthy children, lungs grow as the body develops, but the greatest growth rate is during puberty. From ages 10-14, healthy children see their lungs grow by about 12% each year. By the late teens or early twenties, lungs have essentially stopped growing. The Children’s Health Study shows that during the crucial puberty years, the lungs of a child exposed to high levels of pollution will grow 10% less each year. Over a period of four years, that is a significant deficit in lung function compared with kids growing up in low-pollution neighborhoods.” Air pollution from diesel vehicles can affect everyone, especially children. Exposure to the toxic particles of diesel exhaust has been linked to cancer, asthma, and other diseases and conditions. The clip discusses the findings of the Children’s Health Study, which was begun in 1992.
Video: Air Pollution & Asthma, Science & Journalism Program at University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, November 10, 2008. Summary: This video is about air pollution’s role in asthma, particularly for children.
Health Effects of Air Pollution on Autism
Video: New Evidence Links Air Pollution to Autism, Schizophrenia, Dr. Deborah Cory-Slechta, Professor of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, June 11, 2014. Summary: Research from the University of Rochester Medical Center describes how exposure to air pollution early in life produces harmful changes in the brains of mice, including an enlargement of part of the brain that is seen in humans who have autism and schizophrenia. As in autism and schizophrenia, the changes occurred predominately in males. The mice also performed poorly in tests of short-term memory, learning ability, and impulsivity.
Video: Study links air pollution to autism, Harvard School of Public Health, December 19, 2014. Summary: Women exposed to air pollution during pregnancy face twice the risk of having an autistic child. One in 68 children is diagnosed with autism according to the Centers for Disease Control.
Health Effects of Air Pollution on Your Brain
Study: Long-term exposure to air pollution may harm your brain – American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report, April 23, 2015. – Summary: Stroke News Study Highlights. Long-term exposure to air pollution is linked to brain shrinkage. A small increase in fine particulate matter pollution was associated with hidden brain damage linked to impaired cognitive function.
Video: Toxic air pollution nanoparticles discovered in the human brain (Alzheimer’s) – Professor Barbara Maher, Lancaster University, September 6, 2016. Summary: Recent discovery that for the first time millions of tiny magnetic crystals were found inside human brains – that should NOT be there. Where do they come from? They look striking similar particles in the airborne pollution mix – which come from vehicles, particularly the combustion of fuel. 2nd Video – Can Dirty Air Contribute to Alzheimer’s?, Barbara Maher.
Video: Alzheimer’s disease could be triggered by heavy air pollution (Elderly Women), University of Southern California, The Journal Translational Psychiatry, February 2, 2017. Summary: “Although the link between air pollution and Alzheimer’s disease is a new scientific frontier, we now have evidence that air pollution, like tobacco, is dangerous to the aging brain,” study said co-author Caleb Finch. The research was led by the University of Southern California (USC) found that air pollution increases the chance of elderly women developing Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. The study suggests that older women who breathe particles from the polluted air, such as car exhausts fumes, are at twice the risk of developing dementia. Elderly women who carry the APOE4 gene and breathe heavy pollution have a much higher chance of developing Alzheimer’s disease. APOE4 is a gene that increases the chance of developing Alzheimer’s.
Study: Long-term exposure to air pollution may harm your brain, H. Wilker, Sc.D., Cardiovascular Epidemiology Research Unit at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston, published in the American Heart Association journal Stroke, April 23, 2015. Summary: Long-term exposure to fine particle air pollution may cause subtle structural changes in the brain that could precede cognitive impairment and hidden brain damage, according to research in the American Heart Association journal Stroke. Long-term exposure to air pollution is linked to brain shrinkage. A small increase in fine particulate matter pollution was associated with hidden brain damage linked to impaired cognitive function.